Literature review

Studies on the eggs, egg masses and embryonic development of oegopsid oceanic squids. Wild and aquaria spawned egg masses as well as laboratory in vitro fertilization experiments are indicated. From Villanueva et al., 2012

Species

Fertilization type

Geographic area

Reference

Abralia trigonura

wild eggs

North Pacific

Bigelow, 1992

Abralia sp.

in vitro

North Pacific

Arnold and O’Dor, 1990

Abraliopsis sp.

in vitro

North Pacific

Arnold and O’Dor, 1990

Brachioteuthis sp.

wild eggs

North Pacific

Young et al., 1985b

Dosidicus gigas

in vitro

SE Pacific

Yatsu et al., 1999

 

wild egg mass, spawning in aquaria and in vitro

NE Pacific

Staaf et al., 2008, 2011

Enoploteuthinae

wild eggs

North Pacific

Okiyama and Kasahara, 1975; Young and Harman, 1985

Gonatus fabricii

wild egg mass

NE Atlantic

Bjorke et al., 1997

Gonatus onyx

wild egg mass

NE Pacific

Seibel et al., 2000, 2005

Illex argentinus

in vitro

SW Atlantic

Sakai and Brunetti, 1997; Sakai et al., 1998, 2004, 2011

Illex coindetii

wild egg mass

Mediterranean

Naef, 1928

 

spawning in aquaria

Mediterranean

Boletzky et al., 1973

 

in vitro

Mediterranean

Villanueva et al., 2011

Illex illecebrosus

spawning in aquaria

NW Atlantic

Balch et al., 1985; Durward et al.,1980; O’Dor and Balch, 1985

 

spawning in aquaria and in vitro

NW Atlantic

O’Dor et al., 1982

Lycoteuthidae

wild egg mass

SW Indian

Roberts et al., 2011

Nototodarus gouldi

wild egg mass

SW Pacific

O’Shea et al., 2004

Ommastrephes bartramii

in vitro

North Pacific

Sakurai et al., 1995

Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis

spawning in aquaria

Arabian Sea

Chesalin and Giragosov, 1993

 

in vitro

North Pacific

Sakurai et al., 1995

Sthenoteuthis pteropus

wild egg mass

Eastern Atlantic

Laptikhovsky and Murzov, 1990

Sthenoteuthis sp.

in vitro

North Pacific

Arnold and O’Dor, 1990

Thysanoteuthis rhombus

wild egg mass

East Atlantic and Mediterranean

Guerra et al., 2002; Sanzo, 1929

 

wild egg mass

East Pacific

Sabirov et al., 1987

 

wild egg mass

West Pacific

Billings et al., 2000

 

wild egg mass

NW Pacific

Misaki and Okutani, 1976; Miyahara et al., 2006a, b; Suzuki et al., 1979; Watanabe et al., 1998  

 

in vitro

North Pacific

Arnold and O’Dor, 1990

Todarodes pacificus

in vitro

NW Pacific

Hayashi, 1960; Ikeda and Sakurai, 2004; Ikeda et al., 1993; Ikeda and Shimazaki, 1995; Sakurai et al., 1995, 1996; Shigeno et al., 2001a, b; Soeda, 1952, 1954, 1956; Watanabe et al., 1996;

 

spawning in aquaria

NW Pacific

Bower and Sakurai, 1996; Hamabe, 1962, 1963

Todaropsis eblanae

in vitro

Mediterranean

R. Villanueva, unpublished

Watasenia scintillans

 spawning in aquaria

NW Pacific

Hayashi, 1995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Arnold, J.M., O' Dor, R.K., 1990. In vitro fertilization and embryonic development of oceanic squid. Journal of Cephalopod Biology 1, 21-36.

Balch, N., O'Dor, R.K., Helm, P., 1985. Laboratory rearing of rhynchoteuthions of the ommastrephid squid Illex illecebrosus (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Vie et Milieu 35, 243-246.

Bigelow, K.A., 1992. Age and growth in paralarvae of the mesopelagic squid Abralia trigonura based on daily growth increments in statoliths. Marine Ecology Progress Series 82, 31-40.

Billings, V.C., Sullivan, M., Vine, H., 2000. Sighting of Thysanoteuthis rhombus egg mass in Indonesian waters and observations of embryonic development. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 80, 1139-1140.

Bjorke, H., Hansen, K., Sundt, R.C., 1997. Egg masses of the squid Gonatus fabricii (Cephalopoda, Gonatidae) caught with pelagic trawl off northern Norway. Sarsia 82, 149-152.

Boletzky, S. V., Rowe, L., Aroles, L., 1973. Spawning and development of the eggs, in the laboratory, of Illex coindetii (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Veliger 15, 257-258.

Bower, J.R., Sakurai, Y., 1996. Laboratory observations on Todarodes pacificus (Cephalopoda: Ommastrephidae) egg masses. American Malacological Bulletin 13, 65-71.

Chesalin, M.V., Giragosov, Y.E., 1993. The egg mass and embryonic development of the purple squid Stenoteuthis oualaniensis (the gigantic arabian form) under experimental conditions. Oceanology 33, 98-101 (In Russian with English abstract).

Durward, R.D., Vessey, E., O'Dor, R.K., Amaratunga, T., 1980. Reproduction in the squid, Illex illecebrosus: First observation in captivity and implications for the life cycle. International Commision for the Nortwest Atlantic Fisheries Selected Papers 6, 7-13.

Guerra, A., González, A.F., Rocha, F.J., Sagarminaga, R., Cañadas, A., 2002. Planktonic egg masses of the diamond-shaped squid Thysanoteuthis rhombus in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 24, 333-338.

Hamabe, M., 1962. Embryological studies on the common squid, Ommastrephes sloani pacificus Steenstrup, in the southwestern waters of the Sea of Japan. Bulletin of Japan Sea Regional Fisheries Research Laboratories 10, 1-45 (In Japanese with English abstract).

Hamabe, M., 1963. Spawning experiments on the common squid Ommastrephes sloani pacificus Steenstrup in an indoor aquarium. Bulletin of the Japanesse Society for Scientific Fisheries 29, 930-934 (In Japanese with English abstract).

Hayashi, H., 1960. Development of the squid Ommastrephes sloani pacificus (Steenstrup). Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries, Nagasaki University 9, 43-51 (In Japanese with English abstract).

Hayashi, S., 1995. Fishery biological studies of the firely squid, Watasenia scintillans, in Toyama Bay. Bulletin of Toyama Prefectural Fisheries Research Institute 7, 1-128 (In Japanese with English abstract).

Ikeda, Y., Sakurai, Y., Shimazaki, K., 1993. Fertilizing capacity of squid (Todarodes pacificus) spermatozoa collected from various sperm storage sites, with special reference to the role of gelatinous substance from oviducal gland in fertilization and embryonic development. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 23, 39-44.

Ikeda, Y., Sakurai, Y., 2004. Note on fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa stored in spermatangium: a possible extra sperm storage site in the Japanese Common squid Todarodes pacificus. Suisanzoshoku 52, 101-102.

Ikeda, Y., Shimazaki, K., 1995. Does nidamental gland jelly induce the formation of perivitelline space at fertilization in the squid Todarodes pacificus? Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 75, 495-497.

Laptikhovsky, V.V., Murzov, S.A., 1990. Epipelagic egg mass of the squid Sthenoteuthis pteropus collected in the tropical eastern Atlantic. Biologiya Morya 3, 62-63 (In Russian with English abstract).

Misaki, H., Okutani, T., 1976. Studies on the early life history of decapodan Mollusca VI. An evidence of spawning of an oceanic squid, Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, in the Japanese waters. Venus 35, 211-213.

Miyahara, K., Fukii, K., Nagahama, T., Ohtani, T., 2006a. First record of planktonic egg masses of the diamond squid, Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, in the Sea of Japan. Plankton and Benthos Research 1, 59-63.

Miyahara, K., Katsuya, F., Ota, T., Minami, T., 2006b. Laboratory observations on the early life stages of the Diamond squid Thysanoteuthis rhombus. Journal of Molluscan Studies 72, 199-205.

Naef, A., 1928. Cephalopoda, Embryology. Part I, Vol II (Final part of Monograph No. 35). In: Fauna and Flora of the Bay of Naples, 35, 1- 461. Translated by the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Washington, D.C. 2000.

O'Dor, R.K., Balch, N., Foy, E.A., Hirtle, R.W.M., Johnston, D.A., Amaratunga, T., 1982. Embryonic development of the squid, Illex illecebrosus, and effect of temperature on development rates. Journal of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Science 3, 41-45.

O'Dor, R.K., Balch, N., 1985. Properties of Illex illecebrosus egg masses potentially influencing larval oceanographic distribution. Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization Scientific Council Studies 9, 69-76.

Okiyama, M., Kasahara, S., 1975. Identification of the so-called "common squid eggs" collected in the Japan Sea and adjacent waters. Bull Jap Reg  Fish Res Lab. 26, 35-40.

O'Shea, S., Bolstad, K., Ritchie, P., 2004. First records of egg masses of Nototodarus gouldi McCoy, 1888 (Mollusca: Cephalopoda: Ommastrephidae), with comments on egg-mass susceptibility to damage by fisheries trawl. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 31, 161-166.

Roberts, M.J., Zemlak, T., Connell, A., 2011. Cyclonic eddies reveal Oegopsida squid egg balloon masses in the Agulhas Current, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 33, 239-246.

Sabirov, R.M., Arkhipkin, A.I., Tsygankov, V.Y., Shchetinnikov, A.S., 1987. Egg laying and embryonal development of diamond-shaped squid Thysanoteuthis rhombus (Oegopsida, Thysanoteuthidae). Zoologichesky Zhurnal 66, 1155-1163 (In Russian with English abstract).

Sakai, M., Brunetti, N.E., 1997. Preliminary experiments on artificial insemination of the argentine shortfin squid Illex argentinus. Fisheries Science 63, 664-667.

Sakai, M., Brunetti, N.E., Elena, B., Sakurai, Y., 1998. Embryonic development and hatchlings of Illex argentinus derived from artificial fertilization. South African Journal of Marine Science 20, 255-265.

Sakai, M., Brunetti, N., Ivanovic, M.E., B, Nakamura, K., 2004. Interpretation of statolith microstructure in reared hatchling paralarvae of the squid Illex argentinus. Marine and Freswater Research 55, 403-413.

Sakai, M., Brunetti, N., Ivanovic, M.L., Elena, B., Sakurai, Y., 2011. Useful techniques for artificial fertilization of the ommastrephid squid Illex argentinus. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, 45, 301-308.

Sakurai, Y., Young, R.E., Hirota, J., Mangold, K., Vecchione, M., Clarke, M.R., Bower, J., 1995. Artificial fertilization and development through hatching in the oceanic squids Ommastrephes bartramii and Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (Cephalopoda: Ommastrephidae). Veliger 38, 185-191.

Sakurai, Y., Bower, J.R., Nakamura, Y., Yamamoto, S., Watanabe, K., 1996. Effect of temperature on development and survival of Todarodes pacificus embryos and paralarvae. American Malacological Bulletin 13, 89-95.

Sanzo, L. 1929. Nidamento pelagico, uova e larve di Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel. Memorie Reale Comitato Talassografico Italiano 161, 1–10.

Seibel, B.A., Hochberg, F.G., Carlini, D.B., 2000. Life history of Gonatus onyx (Cephalopoda: Teuthoidea): deep-sea spawning and post-spawning egg care. Marine Biology 137, 519-526.

Seibel, B.A., Robison, B.H; Haddock, S. H. D, 2005. Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature 438, 929.

Shigeno, S., Kidokoro, H., Goto, T., Tsuchiya, K., Segawa, S., 2001a. Early ontogeny of the Japanese common squid Todarodes pacificus (Cephalopoda, Ommastrephidae) with special reference to its characteristic morphology and ecological significance. Zoological Science 18, 1011-1026.

Shigeno, S., Kidokoro, H., Tsuchiya, K., Segawa, S., Yamamoto, M., 2001b. Development of the brain in the oegopsid squid, Todarodes pacificus: An atlas up to the hatching stage. Zoological Science18, 527-541.

Soeda, J., 1952. On the artificial insemination and the early cleavage of the ovum in the oegopsid cephalopod Ommastrephes sloani pacificus, Surume-ika. Bulletin of the Hokkaido Regional Fisheries Research Laboratory 5, 1-15 (In Japanese with English abstract).

Soeda, J., 1954. A study on the fertilization of the egg of the squid, Ommastrephes sloani pacificus (Steenstrup) Surume-ika. Bulletin of the Hokkaido Regional Fisheries Research Laboratory 11, 1-6 (In Japanese with English abstract).

Soeda, J., 1956. Studies on the ecology and the breeding habits of the squid, Ommastrephes sloani pacificus (Steenstrup). Bulletin of the Hokkaido Regional Fisheries Research Laboratory 14, 1-24 (In Japanese with English abstract).

Staaf, D.J., Camarillo-Coop, S., Haddock, S.H.D., Nyack, A.C., Payne, J., Salinas-Zavala, C.A., Seibel, B.A., Trueblood, L., Widmer, C., Gilly, W.F., 2008. Natural egg mass deposition by the Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas) in the Gulf of California and characteristics of hatchlings and paralarvae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 88, 759-770.

Staaf, D.J., Zeidberg, L.D., Gilly, W.F., 2011. Effects of temperature on embryonic development of the Humboldt squid, Dosidicus gigas. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 441, 165-175.

Suzuki, S., Misaki, H., Okutani, T., 1979. Studies on the early life of decapodan Mollusca. VIII. A supplementary note on floating egg mass of Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel in Japan. The first underwater photography. Venus 38, 153-155.

Villanueva, R., Quintana, D., Petroni, G., Bozzano, A., 2011. Factors influencing the embryonic development and hatchling size of the oceanic squid Illex coindetii following in vitro fertilization. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 407: 54-62.

Watanabe, K., Sakurai, Y., Segawa, S., Okutani, T., 1996. Development of the ommastrephid squid Todarodes pacificus, from fertilized egg to rhynchoteuthion paralarva. American Malacological Bulletin 13, 73-88.

Watanabe, K., Ando, K., Tsuchiya, K., Segawa, S., 1998. Late embryos and paralarvae of diamondback squid Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, 1857. Venus 57, 291-301.

Yatsu, A., Tafur, R., Maravi, C., 1999. Embryos and rhynchoteuthion paralarvae of the jumbo flying squid Dosidicus gigas (Cephalopoda) obtained through artificial fertilization from Peruvian waters. Fisheries Science 65, 904-908.

Young, R.E., Harman, R.F., 1985. Early life history stages of enoploteuthin squids (Cephalopoda: Teuthoidae) from Hawaiian waters. Vie et Milieu 35, 181-201.

Young, R.E., Harman, R.F., Mangold, K.M., 1985b. The eggs and larvae of Brachioteuthis sp. (Cephalopoda: Teuthoidea) from Hawaiian waters. Vie et Milieu 35, 203-209.